Beer Street and Gin Lane

Gin Lane

Two prints from the hand of William Hogarth would lead to the Gin Act in 1751. This act was an attempt by the British parliament to reduce the consumption of spirits. The prints were accompanied by two poems, referring to the streets of London. Instead of drinking spirits, people should drink beer.

About the prints

The prints came out at a time when London (and other major cities) was facing a crisis. This crisis is called the Gin Craze. Ironically, it was the parliament itself, who was responsible for this crisis. As from 1689 the government encouraged British people to buy more spirits made in their own country. This would help the industry flourish. At the same time, the import of French wine and spirits was prohibited. Thus said, the people started drinking brew from their own country. This lead to disturbing scenes. You might say that alcoholism was one of the major crises to be defeated.

The prints were a protest against the way people used spirits. On Beer Street, there was a sense of happiness, while on Gin Lane the situation got out of hand.

Beer Street

By William Hogarth

Beer Street

Beer, happy Produce of our Isle

Can sinewy Strength impart,

And wearied with Fatigue and Toil

Can cheer each manly Heart.

Labour and Art upheld by Thee

Successfully advance,

We quaff Thy balmy Juice with Glee

And Water leave to France.

Genius of Health, thy grateful Taste

Rivals the Cup of Jove,

And warms each English generous Breast

With Liberty and Love!

 

Meanwhile in Gin Laneā€¦

Gin Lane

By William Hogarth

Gin Lane

Gin, cursed Fiend, with Fury fraught,

Makes human Race a Prey.

It enters by a deadly Draught

And steals our Life away.

 

 

Virtue and Truth, driv’n to Despair

Its Rage compells to fly,

But cherishes with hellish Care

Theft, Murder, Perjury.

 

 

Damned Cup! that on the Vitals preys

That liquid Fire contains,

Which Madness to the heart conveys,

And rolls it thro’ the Veins.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website.

%d bloggers like this: